你在在意别人的看法

  (中)((新))(网)(客)(户)((端))(天)(津)5(月)22(日)((电)) ((记)(者) (吴)(涛))((什))(么)(才)(算)((是))(真)(正)(的)(人)(工)(智)((能))(AI)?(人)(工)(智)(能)(发)(展)((趋))(势)(如)(何)?(又)(该)(如)(何)(创)(新)?(在)(第)((五))(届)(世)(界)(智)((能))((大))(会)(期)((间))((举))(办)(的)(数)(字)(经)(济)(与)(人)(工)((智))(能)(教)((育))(高)((峰))(论)((坛))(上),(众)(多)(院)(士)、((专))((家))“(华)(山)((论))(剑)”,(各)((抒))((己))(见)。

5(月)20(日)((至))23(日),(第)((五))(届)(世)((界))(智)(能)(大)(会)((在))(天)(津)(举)(行)。(中)(新)(网)(记)(者) (吴)((涛)) (摄)
5(月)20(日)(至)23((日)),(第)(五)(届)(世)(界)(智)(能)(大)(会)(在)(天)(津)(举)(行)。((中))(新)((网))(记)(者) (吴)(涛) (摄)

  (北)(京)(大)(学)(党)(委)(常)((委))、((副))(校)((长))、(中)(国)(科)(学)(院)((院))(士)((黄))(如)(表)(示),((预))(测)(到)2030(年),(人)(工)(智)(能)((技))((术))(将)(为)((全))(球)(创)(造)(出)15(万)(亿)(美)((元))(的)(商)(业)((价))((值))。(人)(才)((是))((推))(动)(和)(保)(持)(一)(个)(产)(业)(可)(持)(续)((发))(展)(和)(持)(久)(活)(力)(最)((重))((要))(的)((因))((素))。

  (数)((据))(显)(示),((人))(工)(智)(能)(和)(机)(器)(学)(习)((相))(关)(的)(产)(业)(人)(才)(需)((求))(规)(模),(在)2016(年)(至)2019(年)(平)(均)(增)(长)(率)(高)(达)74%。(目)((前))(全)(球)(人)(工)(智)((能))(的)(人)(才)(缺)(口)((很))((大)),((迫))(切)((需))(要)(推)(动)((人))(工)((智))(能)(教)((育))((体))(系)((的))(健)(康)(发)(展),(夯)((实))(人)(工)(智)(能)(发)((展))((的))(基)((础))。

  (黄)((如))(称),“(人)(工)((智))((能))(作)(为)(一)(个)(综)(合)(性)(前)(沿)((交))((叉))(的)(学)(科),(如)((何))(建)(立)(高)(起)(点)、((高))(质)(量)、(高)((效))((率))(的)((人))((才))(培)(养)(体)(系)(是)(关)(键)。(人)(工)(智)(能)((和))(计)((算))((机))、(数)((学))、(微)(电)((子))、(自)(动)(控)(制)、(心)(理)(学)、((医))(学)、((生))(物)(学)(等)(等)(都)(有)((相))(关)((性)),(我)(们)(应)(该)(思)(考)(如)(何)(培)(养)(适)(合)(多)(学)(科)(交)(叉)((的))(学)((生))。”

  (北)(京)(大)(学)(信)((息))(科)(学)(技)(术)((学))((院))(院)(长)、(中)(国)(工)((程))(院)(院)(士)(高)(文)(称),(人)((工))(智)(能)(要)(想)((实))(现),(光)((靠))(纸)(上)(的)(东)(西),((光))((靠))(算)(法)(是)(不)((行))(的),(你)(要)(把)(它)(放)(到)(机)(器)((里))(面),(把)((人))(工)((智))(能)(变)(为)(看)(得)(见)、((摸))(得)((着))(的)((东))(西)((才))(行),(人)(工)(智)(能)(还)((是))(得)(机)(器)(为)(本)。

  (高)(文)(还)((表))((示)),((人))((工))(智)((能))(创)(新)(离)(不)(开)(类)(脑)(研)(究),(人)(脑)(到)((目))((前))((为))(止),(在)(智)(能)(这)(件)(事)(上)(是)(效)(率)(最)((高))(的)(系)(统),(没)(有)(任)(何)((系))(统)(能)((和))(它)(相)((比))。(人)(的)(大)(脑)(这)(个)(智)(能)((体))(本)(身)(是)(一)(个)(动)(力)(学)((的))(系)(统)。

  “(动)(力)(学)(系)(统)(既)(需)(要)(认)(知)((科))(学)(模)((型))(的)(解)(释),(也)(需)((要))(神)(经)(科)(学)(模)(型)(的)((支))((持))。((没))(有)(这)((些)),(光)(靠)(数)((据))(硬)(训)((练))(肯)(定)(不)(行)。((所))(以)(动)((力))((学))(系)(统)(是)((今))((后))((研))((究))(强)((人))(工)(智)((能))(非)(常)(关)(键)(的)(一)((个))(基)(础),(既)(包)((括))(解)(析)(的)(仿)((真)),(也)((包))(括)(功)(能)(的)((模))(拟),(最)(后)(可)(能)(做)((出))((一))(些)(和)(人)((脑))(比)((较))(接)(近)(的)(功)(能)((体))。”(高)((文))((称))。

  (在)(中)(国)((科))(学)(院)(院)(士)、(墨)(奇)(科)(技)(联)(合)(创)(始)((人))(鄂)(维)((南))(看)(来),(算)(法)((创))(新)(的)(严)(重)(缺)(陷)、((缺))((失)),(是)(目)((前))(人)(工)((智))((能))(发)((展))(一)((个))(非)(常)(重)(要)((的))(障)(碍)。(创)((新))((文))(化)(不)(足)(导)((致))(人)(工)(智)((能))((企))(业)((同))((质))(化)(严)((重)),((最))(典)(型)(的)(例)(子)(就)((是))(人)(脸)(识)((别)),(人)(工)(智)((能))“(四)(小)((龙))”,(真)(看)(不)(出)(来)((他))(们)(有)(什)(么)((区))(别)。

  (美)(国)((艺))(术)((与))(科)(学)(院)(院)(士)、(清)(华)((大))(学)(智)(能)((产))(业)(研)(究)(院)(院)((长))((张))(亚)(勤)(认)(为),((人))(工)(智)(能)(产)((业))(至)(少)(还)(有)10(年)(的)(黄)((金))((时))(段),(目)((前))(人)(工)(智)((能))(的)(发)(展)(基)(于)(大)((算))(力)(和)(大)((数))(据),“(我)(觉)(得)((深))((度))(算)((法))((有))(些)(东)((西))(会)(过)(时),((但))(是)(大)((数))((据))、(大)(算)(力)、((大))(模)((型))(不)(会),(这)(是)((机))(器)((的))((优))(势)。”

  (计)(算)(机)((视))((觉))“((马))(尔)”((奖))(三)(次)(获)((得))(者)、((北))(京)(大)(学)(人)(工)(智)(能)((研))(究)(院)(院)(长)(朱)(松)(纯)(表)(示),(为)(什)(么)(当)(今)(世)(界)(有)(这)(么)((多))(的)(科)(学)(家),(有)(更)(优)(越)(的)(条)(件),((却))((产))(生)(不)(了)(根)(本)(性)((的))(突)(破)?(因)(为)(我)((们))(的)(文)((化)),(科)((学))(家)((们))(现)(在)(都)(玩)((自))((拍)),(不)(是)((在))(想)(深)(刻)(的)(问)(题),(而)((是))(有)(一)(个)idea(赶)(紧)((发))((表))。

  (朱)((松))(纯)(还)(表)((示)),(现)(在)(搞)(人)(工)(智)(能)(的)99.99%(的)(人)(都)((在))(搞)(深)(度)(学)(习),“((如))(果)((说))((深))(度)((学))(习)(将)((来))(真)(的)(是)(我)(们)(最)((终))((的))(结)(果),((那))(大)(家)(都)(学)(深)(度)(学)(习)((就))((完))(了),(那)(肯)((定))((不))((是))。”

  “(人)(工)(智)((能))(对)(外)(开)((始))(交)((叉)),(各)(行)((各))(业)((都))(用)(得)(上),(大)(家)((非))(常)((担))((心))(的)(一)(个)((情))(况)(是),(人)(工)((智))((能))((可))(能)((要))(与)(哲)(学)、(美)(术)、((社))((会))((科))(学)(融)(合),(甚)(至)((上))(升)((到))(哲)(学)((层))((面))。((人))((类))((文))(明)((和))(人)(工)(智)((能))(的)(融)((合))(是)((一))(个)((很))(大)((的))(趋)(势),(我)((们))((要))((认))((真))(研)(究)(它)。”(朱)(松)(纯)(说)。

  (听)(完)(这)(些)(大)((咖))(的)(演)(讲),(关)(于)(人)(工)((智))(能),(你)(理)((解))((是))(不)(是)((更))((深))(了)?(((完)))

【(编)(辑):(刘)(湃)】

 

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